Bambi (1942)

Ieri am sarbatorit ziua internationala a copilului si m-am gandit sa scriu despre un desen animat clasic care merita vazut de fiecare copil, la orice varsta.

Filmul are la baza cartea intitulata “Bambi, viata in padure” scrisa de autorul austriac Felix Salten. Cartea a fost publicata pentru prima data in anul 1923. Mai tarziu, Whittaker Chambers a tradus-o in engleza, aceasta varianta fiind republicata in 1928.

Drepturile pentru ecranizare au fost cumparate initial de catre studiourile Metro Goldwyn-Mayer. Compania a incercat timp de cativa ani sa faca un film bazat pe povestea cartii, insa in final a decis ca pelicula ar fi prea greu de realizat. MGM a vandut apoi drepturile de ecranizare catre Walt Disney, care dorea sa faca un film animat.

Procesul de productie a peliculei a fost unul complex, care a durat aproximativ 5 ani. Walt Disney a dorit ca animalele din film sa fie mai realiste decat cele din Alba-ca-Zapada si l-a angajat pe Rico LeBrun, pictor de animale, sa explice desenatorilor miscarile animalelor in cele mai fine detalii. Apoi desenatorii au vizitat Gradina Zoologica din Los Angeles, iar Disney a organizat o mica gradina zoologica intr-un studio al companiei sale, unde a adus cateva specii de animale prezente in filmul animat.

Pentru fundalurile forestiere si peisaje, Maurice Day, unul dintre artistii de la studiourile Disney, a petrecut cateva saptamani bune in padurile din nord-estul Statelor Unite, pe care le-a fotografiat si schitat.

O alta etapa, foarte complexa, a fost realizarea desenelor pentru film. Fiecare scena a fost desenata de mana inainte de a fi procesata si transformata in animatie. Mai jos, puteti viziona un scurt film despre realizarea animatiei.

Datorita celui de-al doilea razboi mondial care a izbucnit in Europa in 1939, alte doua proiecte ale studiourilor, “Pinocchio” si “Fantasia”, nu au realizat profit la box-office. Astfel, compania a inceput sa aiba probleme financiare, iar Walt Disney a trebuit sa renunte la 12 minute din film inainte de procesul final de animare.

Dupa lansarea din 1942, razboiul a impiedicat din nou realizarea unui profit, pelicula avand incasari de $1.64 mil. la un buget total de $1.7 mil.

In 2006, scene din film au fost folosite intr-un video al unei campanii de prevenire a incendiilor de padure. La un moment dat, in timpul clipului, ecranul devine negru si apare textul “Nu lasati ca padurile noastre sa devina… a fost odata ca niciodata” (“Don’t let our forests… become once upon a time”).

In decembrie 2011, Bambi a fost printre filmele selectate pentru conservare de catre Registrul National de Film al Librariei Congresului American, motivand ca a fost unul dintre filmele preferate ale lui Walt Disney si ca acest film este recunoscut pentru mesajul elocvent transmis pentru conservarea naturii.

In mai 2017, in Beverly Hills, California, a fost organizat un eveniment care celebra implinirea a 75 de ani de la lansarea desenului animat. Invitati speciali au fost Donnie Dunagan (vocea tanarului Bambi), Peter Behn (vocea tanarului Thumper / “Bocanila”) si Andreas Deja (animator legendar al studiourilor Disney – “Frumoasa si Bestia”, “Regele Leu”, “Lampa lui Aladdin”). In cadrul evenimentului, Bambi a fost inclus in Colectia Reprezentativa a lui Walt Disney.

Acest desen animat a devenit atat de cunoscut pentru emotiile puternice pe care le transmite, incat a ajuns sa fie folosit pentru caracterizarea anumitor personaje. Uneori, mai ales in filme de comedie, un personaj dificil, rau sau crud este intrebat daca momentul in care mama lui Bambi este omorata i s-a parut trist, macar putin. Asta pentru ca scena respectiva este intr-adevar emotionanta si nu prea lasa ochii uscati celor care o vizioneaza.

Bambi este un desen animat important de vazut de catre copii pentru mesajele despre viata pe care le transmite si pentru felul superb in care arata desenele care compun fiecare scena. Inchei cu o declaratie a lui Peter Behn la aniversarea din mai:

“Sunt foarte emotionat sa fac parte din ceva care a durat aproape la fel de mult pe cat a durat viata mea!”

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Yesterday we celebrated the international children’s day and I thought I should tell you about a movie for children of all ages.

This film is based on a book called “Bambi, a life in the woods”, written by the Austrian writer Felix Salten. It was first published in 1923. Later, Whittaker Chambers translated it in English and it was published in 1928.

Screening rights were initially sold to Metro Goldwyn-Mayer. The company tried for several years to turn the book into a motion picture, but ultimately decided it would be too difficult to do so. MGM then sold the rights to Walt Disney, who wanted to turn the book into an animation.

The production process was a very complex one and it lasted for about 5 years. Walt Disney wanted the animals to be more realistic than the ones in Snow White, so he brought Rico LeBrun, an animal painter, to explain to the animators the movement of animals in the finest of details. Then, the animators went to the Los Angeles Zoo and Disney set up a small zoo in a studio where he brought a few of the species of animals used in the animation.

For the forest backgrounds, Maurice Day, one of the artists at the Disney studios, spent several weeks in the northeastern forests of America, photographing and sketching them.

Another highly complex stage in the production process was the making of the drawings. Each scene was hand-drawn before it could be processed and turned into an animation. Here a small video explaining this stage.

Due to the Second World War starting in Europe in 1939, two other projects of the studios, Pinocchio and Fantasia, flopped in the box-office. Therefore, the company faced financial difficulties and Walt Disney had to cut 12 minutes of Bambi before the final animation process began.

When the animation was released in 1942, the war prevented once more a box-office success, grossing $1.64 mil. compared to a budget of $1.7 mil.

In 2006, a few scenes from Bambi were used in a campaign spot aiming to prevent wildfire. At some point, the screen turns black with the text “Don’t let our forests… become once upon a time!”

In December 2011, Bambi was one of the films selected for preserving by the Library of Congress’ National Film Registry. The reasoning behind it was that it was one of Walt Disney’s favourite films and that Bambi is recognised for the eloquent message it sends for preserving the nature.

In May 2017, in Beverly Hills, California, an event was organised to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the release. Special guests were Donnie Dunagan (voice of the young Bambi), Peter Behn (voice of young Thumper) and Andreas Deja (legendary animator of the Disney studios – The Beauty and the Beast, The Lion King, Aladdin). During this event, Bambi was included in the Walt Disney Signature Collection.

This animation has become so well-known for the powerful emotions it sends that it has become used to characterise some fictional characters. Sometimes, especially in comedies, a difficult or mean character is asked whether he/she found the killing of Bambi’s mother scene sad one bit. That is because the scene is incredibly emotional and those who watch it cannot refrain from shedding a few tears.

Bambi is a wonderful animation worth watching by any child for the good life messages it sends and for the superb imagery of each scene. I’ll close with a quote from Peter Behn at the May event:

I’m so touched to be a part of something that’s lasted for almost as long as I have!

Featured image photo credit: Deviantart.net

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